There might be a confusion from people on how a water softener actually works. The main purpose of the water softener is to let mineral laden hard water in while excreting a soft and clean feeling water without the aftertaste.
You can avoid many things when you have a water softener such as clogged water heaters, spots on appliances and dishes, scales on sinks, pipes, and other metal, in addition to that you can improve the cleaning capabilities of the water. It is no wonder that there are a lot of people that are curious on how a water softener unit actually works. Making sure that a person can easily deal the huge amount of water that is present everyday is one of the benefits if having a water softener unit.
To make sure that a cleaner and much safer water with no aftertaste is produced, a method called ion exchange is used by most of these water softener units in order to remove the minerals that were dissolved in the hard water. Some of these minerals that are present in hard water and can be a problem to people are iron, sulfur, magnesium, and calcium.
A matrix that is called the zeolite are those small plastic beads that can be found on water softener units. These zeolites are covered in sodium ions. Every time the water will flow through the zeolite or the small plastic beads, the sodium will swap places with the harmful minerals in the water. Sodium will then be present in the water because the harmful minerals will be removed by the zeolites or the small plastic beads in the water softener unit. During a lot of water cleaning process, the sodium ions on the zeolites or the small plastic beads will eventually run out having the need for a regenerating.
Regeneration of the sodium ions on the zeolites or the small plastic beads is important for the actual work of a water softener. You can regenerate back the sodium ions of the zeolite by soaking the small plastic beads in a solution that contains sodium ions. A very common solution to this is by using a simple household salt, a strong salt brine will make the water softener regenerate its zeolites. You can flush out the mineral residue and the remaining brine once the small plastic beads or the zeolites of the water softener unit will be regenerated. You should be aware that even a singe water softener unit will produce a lot of brine when there is a need to recharge the unit.
When using this method, you should know that there will be more salt present in the water being produced by the water softener unit. This type of process can cause a problem especially to people under a low sodium diet.